This research note provides a comprehensive overview of the basics of climate risks, emphasizing the urgency of understanding, addressing, and mitigating the impacts of climate change. The introduction contextualizes Earth’s climatic history, highlighting the shift from natural climate fluctuations to the unprecedented changes induced by human activities. The evidence of rapid climate change is presented through observable indicators such as global temperature rise, ocean warming, ice sheet reduction, and extreme weather events. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) underscores the role of human-driven greenhouse gas emissions in this transformative process, deviating from historical climate cycles.

A crucial distinction between climate and weather is explained, emphasizing the significance of a nuanced understanding to comprehend atmospheric dynamics. The intricate relationship between Earth’s climate, solar energy, and greenhouse gases is explored, with emphasis on the disruption caused by escalating human-induced emissions. The causes of climate change are dissected, emphasizing the unprecedented escalation in global temperatures over the past 125 years due to greenhouse gas emissions. The impacts of climate change on ecosystems, biodiversity, and vulnerable communities are discussed, emphasizing the need for immediate global action to address both the symptoms and root causes of this pervasive challenge.

The conclusion stresses the importance of multifaceted strategies, encompassing global collaboration, informed decision-making, and sustainable practices. The interconnectedness of environmental, social, and economic factors is highlighted, urging a shift toward sustainable development as a necessity. The abstract emphasizes the call for transformative action at all levels, from individual to international, to shape a resilient and sustainable future that prioritizes the well-being of the planet and its inhabitants.

1280 853 Maritime Research Center

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