Real-time sensor-based water quality management systems can emerge as a crucial tool for monitoring and maintaining the quality of water resources. With growing concerns over water pollution and the need for sustainable water management, these systems play a vital role in ensuring the safety and usability of water for various purposes, including drinking water, industrial processes, and environmental conservation. The importance of sensor technology lies in collecting accurate and timely data on various water quality parameters such as pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, temperature, and contaminants like heavy metals and organic pollutants. These sensors are designed to operate continuously, providing a wealth of data that can be analyzed and acted upon promptly. With the aid of wireless connectivity and Internet of things (IoT) technologies, the collected data can be transmitted in real-time to a centralized control center or cloud-based platform. This allows stakeholders, including water treatment operators, government agencies, and researchers, to access and monitor water quality parameters from anywhere, facilitating timely interventions and data-driven decision-making.