Basics of Sediment Management

Abstract

Effective sediment management is pivotal in preserving ecological equilibrium and operational efficiency of coastal and freshwater systems. Notably, the Indian Ocean region, confronted with distinctive challenges, grapples with issues such as shoreline erosion, habitat deterioration, and modified sediment transport patterns due to human activities and climate change. In freshwater environments, sediment accumulation in dams and reservoirs poses imminent threats to water quality, aquatic ecosystems, and critical infrastructure. This article delves into the landscape of sediment management policies, elucidating its diverse components and involving stakeholders. By delving into the intricate interplay of physical, biological, and socio-economic factors, the paper explores topics such as sediment dredging, adaptive reservoir management, soil erosion, and port management. The significance of involving stakeholders, establishing regulatory frameworks, and incorporating technological advancements is underscored throughout the discussion. This comprehensive examination seeks to enhance our comprehension of sediment management intricacies and promote sustainable practices across coastal and freshwater ecosystems.

1280 853 Maritime Research Center

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